14. What is Machu Picchu called now?

Introduction: Exploring the current name of the ancient city.

Machu Picchu, the ancient city perched on a mountain ridge in the Andes of Peru, has been known by various names throughout history. Today, it is widely recognized as one of the most iconic and popular tourist destinations in South America, attracting millions of visitors from all over the world every year. In this article, we will explore the different names that Machu Picchu has been called, and what they mean.

Historical name: Retaining the name Machu Picchu.

The original name of the site is believed to have been “Llaqtapata,” which means “high place” or “upper town” in the Quechua language. However, when the Spanish arrived in Peru in the 16th century, they renamed the site “Machu Picchu,” which means “old peak” or “old mountain” in Quechua. The name is thought to have been derived from the name of the mountain where the site is located, which is also called Machu Picchu.

UNESCO World Heritage Site: Designation and recognition of the site’s importance.

In 1983, Machu Picchu was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which recognizes the outstanding cultural and natural significance of the site. The designation was based on Machu Picchu’s exceptional architecture, urban planning, and landscape design, as well as its significance as a religious, political, and cultural center of the Inca Empire.

Other titles: Alternative names and descriptors used by locals and visitors.

While Machu Picchu is the most commonly used name for the site, there are other names and descriptors used by locals and visitors. Some people refer to it as the “Lost City of the Incas,” which reflects the site’s mysterious and hidden history. Others describe it as the “City in the Clouds” or the “Citadel of the Sky,” which highlights its stunning mountain-top location and ethereal beauty.

Cultural significance: The enduring impact of Machu Picchu on history and identity.

Machu Picchu is more than just a historic site or tourist destination – it is a symbol of the cultural heritage and identity of the Andean people. For the Quechua-speaking communities who live in the region, Machu Picchu represents their ancestral legacy and spiritual connection to the mountains and the land. For the wider world, it is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the Inca civilization, and a source of inspiration for generations to come.

Conclusion: Understanding the modern relevance and name of Machu Picchu.

In conclusion, Machu Picchu is a site of many names and titles, each reflecting a different aspect of its historical, cultural, and natural significance. While its original name may have been “Llaqtapata,” it is now widely recognized as Machu Picchu, the “old mountain” that has captured the imagination of people from around the world. As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the Inca civilization, and a source of pride for the Andean people who call it home.