15. How did Machu Picchu get built?

Introduction: Investigating the construction methods of Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu is an extraordinary engineering feat of the Inca civilization, built high up in the Andes Mountains of Peru. The city’s construction is shrouded in mystery, but it is generally believed to have been built during the 15th century. In this article, we will delve into the construction methods used to build this marvel of human engineering.

Inca engineering: Techniques and innovations employed by the Inca builders.

The Inca were renowned for their advanced engineering techniques, and this is evident in the construction of Machu Picchu. The builders used a technique called ashlar, where large blocks of stones were precisely cut and shaped to fit together without any mortar. This technique ensured that the walls were structurally sound and able to withstand earthquakes.

The Inca also used terracing to build the city on a steep slope. They cut into the mountainside to create a flat surface, and then built structures on top of the terraces. The terraces were also used for agriculture, with crops grown on the stepped fields.

Materials: Sourcing and shaping stones for the city’s construction.

The stones used in the construction of Machu Picchu were quarried from nearby mountains. The builders would use a combination of hammerstones, chisels, and picks to shape the stones into the desired shape and size. They would then transport the stones to the building site using a network of roads and ramps.

Labor and logistics: The workforce and organization behind the project.

The construction of Machu Picchu would have required a large workforce. It is believed that the builders were skilled artisans and craftsmen who were employed by the Inca rulers. The laborers were organized into work groups and were given specific tasks to complete.

The logistics of building Machu Picchu would have been a significant challenge. The site is located on a remote mountaintop, and transporting materials and laborers would have required a complex system of roads and pathways.

Challenges: Overcoming obstacles related to the remote location and terrain.

The construction of Machu Picchu would have been a formidable task. The builders had to overcome several challenges related to the site’s remote location and rugged terrain. They had to create a network of roads and pathways to transport materials and laborers to the site. They also had to contend with the steep slope of the mountain and the risk of landslides.

Conclusion: Appreciating the ingenuity and effort involved in building Machu Picchu.

In conclusion, the construction of Machu Picchu was a remarkable engineering feat that required the skilled labor of many artisans and craftsmen. The builders used advanced engineering techniques and innovative construction methods to build a city that has endured for centuries. The construction of Machu Picchu is a testament to the ingenuity and perseverance of the Inca people.