3. What are 5 facts about Machu Picchu?

Introduction: Highlighting key facts about Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world, known for its impressive architecture and stunning location in the Andes Mountains. Here are five interesting facts about this ancient Incan city:

Fact 1: Purpose and function of the site.

Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century and is believed to have served as a royal estate for Incan emperor Pachacuti. It was also possibly used as a religious site, with the presence of sacred temples and altars.

Fact 2: Rediscovery by Hiram Bingham in 1911.

Although the locals were aware of its existence, Machu Picchu was largely unknown to the rest of the world until it was rediscovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911. His discovery was widely publicized and led to increased interest in Incan culture and history.

Fact 3: Unique architectural techniques.

The Incas were known for their advanced engineering and construction techniques, and Machu Picchu is a prime example of their expertise. The city was built without the use of mortar, with stones cut and fitted together so precisely that they have withstood centuries of earthquakes and other natural disasters.

Fact 4: UNESCO World Heritage status.

In 1983, Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its cultural significance and unique natural setting. It is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America, attracting millions of visitors each year.

Fact 5: Preservation and conservation efforts.

Despite its popularity, Machu Picchu is also under threat from tourism and other environmental factors. In recent years, efforts have been made to preserve and protect the site, including limiting the number of daily visitors and implementing sustainable tourism practices. The Peruvian government and various organizations are also working to conserve the surrounding ecosystem and prevent further damage to the site.