4. Who built Machu Picchu and why?

Introduction: Exploring the origins and purposes of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city located high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Its origins and purpose have long fascinated scholars, adventurers, and tourists alike. In this article, we will explore who built Machu Picchu and why.

Inca civilization: Creators of the ancient city

Machu Picchu was built by the Inca civilization, one of the most sophisticated and powerful societies of the pre-Columbian era. The Inca people were skilled engineers, architects, and artists who constructed elaborate buildings, irrigation systems, and roadways throughout their empire. Machu Picchu is considered one of their most impressive accomplishments.

Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui: The ruler responsible for its construction

While the exact purpose of Machu Picchu is still debated by experts, it is widely believed that it was constructed during the reign of Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca ruler. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui is credited with transforming the Inca Empire from a small tribe to a powerful state, and Machu Picchu is believed to have played a significant role in his military strategy.

Possible purposes: Royal estate, religious site, or strategic outpost

Scholars have proposed various theories about the purpose of Machu Picchu. Some believe it was a royal estate for the Inca emperor, while others suggest it was a religious site or a strategic outpost for defending against invading forces. There is evidence to support all of these theories, and it is likely that Machu Picchu served multiple functions during its occupation.

Legacy: Machu Picchu’s enduring impact on history and culture

Despite being abandoned by the Inca people in the 16th century and forgotten for centuries, Machu Picchu has endured as a symbol of Inca civilization and a testament to the ingenuity and skill of its builders. Today, it is recognized as one of the most important archaeological sites in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It attracts millions of visitors each year and continues to captivate people with its mysteries and beauty.

Conclusion: Understanding the reasons behind Machu Picchu’s creation

In conclusion, while the exact purpose of Machu Picchu may never be fully understood, it is clear that it was built by the Inca people during the reign of Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, likely for a combination of purposes, including as a royal estate, religious site, and strategic outpost. Machu Picchu’s enduring impact on history and culture speaks to the significance of its creators and the remarkable achievements of the Inca civilization.